A brain-computer interface enables interaction between its users and an external device. According to Davide Valeriani, Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs) researcher at the University of Essex: “The combination of humans and technology could be more powerful than artificial intelligence. For example, when we make decisions based on a combination of perception and reasoning, neurotechnologies could be used to improve our perception. This could help us in situations such when seeing a very blurry image from a security camera and having to decide whether to intervene or not.”
The application areas that could benefit from BCI are diverse (from healthcare to security or entertainment) as this emerging technology constitutes a significantly growing field of research.
A great challenge in Brain-Computer Interface developments is to create noninvasive technologies. Last June, researchers from Carnegie Mellon University had made a big breakthrough in the field of non-invasive robotic device control. They have developed the first successful mind-controlled robotic arm able to continuously track and follow a computer cursor. This represents a huge step for BCIs, a technology that aspires to be widespread in the future.
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